Public ProcurementsProcured products and services always have indirect and direct environmental impacts. Procurement decisions have a great impact on how much energy is consumed and green house gas emissions produced during the life span of products and services.
On 8 April 2009 the government took a principle decision to encourage sustainable procurements in all public sector activities – the state’s central and regional administration and the municipal arena.
The public sector as a procurerThe public sector procures goods and services worth €22 million a year. This is about 15% of GDP. Because public sector procurements are large, their significance as a factor influencing markets is considerable in the effort to get products on the market that are as least detrimental as possible in terms of the environment.
About 75% of all public sector procurements take place within the municipal sector. Over half of these procurements comprise service procurements, and the rest consumption procurements and the maintenance of premises. Taking account of energy efficiency in making various machinery, appliance and transport procurements is important in efforts to make the municipal sector’s energy use more efficient.
The public sector as an influence on the marketsMunicipalities and municipal groupings can reduce the burden on the environment by making energy efficient procurements. By procuring goods and services that help save the environment also promotes the development and marketing of environmentally friendly products. The public sector also has a responsibility the act in its procurements as an example to other sectors.
Successful energy efficient procurement comes about by utilizing existing procurement guidelines recommendations and tools. There are also advice services and databases on planning public sector procurement available. The procurement guidelines drawn up for the public sector can also be used in other sectors, such as in the procurements of private businesses.